The disciples and apostles, and all the early followers of Jesus, believed in and preached about Him WITHOUT the New Testament (it had not yet been written). They used Old Testament scriptures to identify Him, to explain His dual ministry (as the sacrificial Lamb, and as the coming King), and to demonstrate man's need of His atonement. Jesus Himself said: "Had ye believed Moses (and the other prophets), ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me" (John 5:46). Those who DID believe the words of the prophets, accepted Him, knowing (as He declared) "that all things MUST BE FULFILLED which were written in the Law of Moses, and in the Prophets, and in the Psalms" concerning the Messiah (Luke 24:44).
I. Who was the Messiah to be? -He was to be of a woman's seed. Gen. 3:15 Gal. 4:4 -He would be descended from Abraham Gen. 22:18 Gal. 3:16 -He would be from the line of David. II Sam. 7:8-16; Jer. 23:5-6; Luke 3:23-28; Matt.1 Is. 11:1 Acts 13:22, 23; Rom. 15:12 -He was to be of the tribe of Judah. Gen. 49:10 Heb. 7:14; Rev. 5:5 -He would be born of a virgin as a special SIGN to the world. Is. 7:14 Matt. 1:23 -He would be born at a specific time Gen. 49:10; Dan. 9:24, 25; Gal. 4:4 -He was to be born in Bethlehem Micah 5:2 Matt. 2:1 -He would be preceded by a forerunner Mal. 3:1; Is. 40:3 Matt. 3:1-12; Luke 1:17 II. Aspects of His Ministry. -He was to be a prophet like Moses. Deut. 18:18, 19 Acts 3:20-23 -He would be specially anointed by the Spirit of God. Is. 11:2; Is. 61:1,2 Matt. 3:16, 17; Luke 4:16-21 -He was to be a priest according to the order of Melchizedek (Gen. 14:18-20). Ps.110:4 Heb. 5:5, 6 -He was to be the redeemer of the gentiles as well as the Jews. Gen.49:10; Is. 42:1-7 Matt. 12:18-21 -He would be God's Son. Ps. 2:7; Prov. 30:4 Heb. 1:5; Matt. 16:16; Matt. 17:5 -He would enter Jerusalem in a specific manner. Zech. 9:9 Matt.21:1-11 -He would come suddenly upon the defilers of the Temple. Mal. 3:1-3 Matt. 21:12-16 -He was to possess an unusual zeal for the Lord. Ps. 69:9 John 2:17 -Much of His teaching was to be done in parables. Ps. 78:2 Matt. 13:34-35 -He would perform many miracles. Is. 35:3-6 Matt. 11:4-6; John 11:47, 48 -He would be a stumbling stone to His people. Is. 8:14, 15; Is. 28:16 Rom. 9:31-33; I Pet. 2:6-8 -His brethren would reject Him Ps. 69:8; Is. 53:3 John 1:11; John 7:5
|(NOTE: If the Jewish people AS A NATION had recognized Jesus as their Messiah, He would not have fulfilled these prophecies, would not have died, and thus, could not have been the Messiah.)|
III. The Events of His Death -He would be betrayed by a friend. Ps. 41:9 John 13:18-21; Acts 1:16 -He was to be "sold out" for thirty pieces of silver. Zech. 11:12 Matt. 26:14, 15 -The price of His betrayal would be given to buy a "potters field" (burial place for the poor) Zech. 11:13 Matt. 27:3-10 -He would be mocked, spat upon, and beaten. Micah 5:1, 2; Is. 50:6; Matt. 27:30, 31; Ps. 22:7,8 Matt. 27:39-44 -The details of His crucifixion were announced. Ps. 22 Luke 22-23
|(NOTE: Crucifixion was NOT a form of Jewish execution but was invented by the Romans centuries after this prophecy was written.)|
-His hands and feet would be pierced. Ps.22:16; Zech. 12:10 John 19:18, 34, 37; John 20:25-29 -Not one of His bones was to be broken. Ex. 12:46; Ps. 34:20 John 19:33-37 -He was to suffer thirst and be given vinegar to drink. Ps. 22:15; Ps. 69:21 Matt. 27:34; John 19:28 -He would be buried among the wealthy. Is. 53:9 Matt. 27:57-60 IV. The Purpose of His Death -He would make an end of sin and provide reconciliation with God. Dan. 9:24 Rom. 3:23-26; Rom. 8:32 -He would bear the sins of the world and make intercession for transgressors. Is. 53 2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 9-10 V. His Resurrection and Ascension. -His body would not even begin to decompose. Ps. 16:10; Prov. 30:4 Acts 2:31 -He would be raised from the dead. Ps. 2; Ps. 16:10; Prov. 30:4 Acts 13:33-37 -He would ascend to the chief place of honor with God to make intercession for us. Ps. 68:18; Ps. 110:1 Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9; Heb. 1:3; Rom. 8:34 VI. His Future Glory -He shall be King and reign from David's citadel, Zion, over a spiritually revived Israel. Ps. 2:6; Ps. 24:7; Is. 9:6, 7; Zech. 8:20-23 -He will be King forever, King of Kings and Lord of Lords Ps. 10:16; Ps. 110; Dan. 2:44; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 17:14
Back to Beacon Deacon's main page